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“蒙娜丽莎效应”并不适用于蒙娜丽莎

kira86 于2019-02-20发布 l 已有人浏览
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蒙娜丽莎效应是指一种画中?#23068;?#22312;一直在凝视着你的那种视错觉。但专家研究表示,蒙娜丽莎并没有在直视着你,而只是在看着你的右肩膀而已。这项技术可以用在创建虚拟助
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蒙娜丽莎.jpg
Mona Lisa Effect Not True for Mona Lisa

“蒙娜丽莎效应”并不适用于蒙娜丽莎

Leonardo da Vinci's most famous painting also has an optical illusion named after it: the Mona Lisa effect. The feeling that the subject of a painting follows you with her gaze. "You continuously feel like you're being looked at, despite moving to the left, to the right, perhaps even rotating the picture."

列奥纳多·达·芬奇最著名的画作(《蒙娜丽莎》),还有一种视错觉以它命名:蒙娜丽莎效应。该效应是指那种画中?#23068;?#29992;她的目光凝视着你的感觉。“你会不?#31995;?#24863;觉你正被人注视着,无论你是向左、向右移动,甚至可能是旋转画像,都感觉画中?#23068;?#22312;盯着你。”

Sebastian Loth is a psychologist at the University of Bielefeld in Germany. And while he doesn't dispute that the illusion itself exists - you've probably also seen it in the Uncle Sam Army recruitment poster - he says there's a problem with the phenomenon's name.

德国比勒菲尔德大学的心理学家塞巴斯蒂安·罗思表示?#20581;?#34429;然他并不怀疑这种错觉本身存在——你可能在看《山姆大叔》征兵海报时?#19981;?#20135;生这种错觉——但他表示这种现象的名字存在问题。

I can show you so many papers where people have literally started their introduction with 'We all know that Mona Lisa looks at you,' and so on and so forth, and then they'd go into their argument, whatever it is, but actually she, in this specific picture, doesn't look at you.

“我可以给你举出很多报纸上有人真的以‘我们都知道蒙娜丽莎在看着你’等等展开他们的介绍的例子,然后他们会切入论点,论点就不详细说明了,但实际上画中的这个人没在看着你。”

He and his colleague Gernot Horstman conducted a scientific investigation of this claim by sitting 24 volunteers in front of a computer screen, which displayed various magnifications of the Mona Lisa. They placed rulers at two distances between the subjects and the screen. Then asked the subjects to indicate where on the rulers the Mona Lisa's gaze intersected.

他和他的同事格诺特·霍斯特曼(Gernot Horstman)对这一论点进行了科学研究,他们让24名志愿者坐在电脑屏幕前,屏幕上显示着各种放大版的《蒙娜丽莎》。他们在受试者?#25512;?#24149;之间(横)放着一把尺子,然后让受试者指出蒙娜丽莎的视线落在尺子上的?#27597;?#28857;。

And then you can compute a line, that's basically school mathematics here, and then you can figure out the angle. And what came out was 15 degrees to the right. So the Mona Lisa actually stares over the viewer's right shoulder, he says. Not straight out of the canvas - the key to creating her namesake illusion. The write-up is in the journal i-Perception.

然后,你可以大概?#36152;?#19968;条直线,这也就学校数学的?#35759;?#21543;,然后你可以算出角度。结果是向右15度,所以蒙娜丽莎实际上凝视着的是观众的右肩,他表示?#20581;?#33945;娜丽莎的视线并非是从画布直视着你,这一点正是用蒙娜丽莎命名视觉假象的关键。这篇文章发表在《i-Perception》杂志上。

Loth says effects like these can have modern implications, for example, when building virtual assistants on computers, which might need to speak to - and make eye contact with - more than one person in a room. As for da Vinci's masterpiece, there's still another illusion that remains: the mysterious ambiguity of the Mona Lisa's smile.

罗思表示,像这样的效应具有现代意义,?#28909;紓?#22312;计算机上创建虚拟助手时,虚拟助手可能需要与?#32771;?#37324;数人交谈并进行眼神交流。至于达芬奇的巨作,还有另一种错觉仍然存在,那就是:蒙娜丽莎神秘而?#29992;?#30340;微笑。

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