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英语单词重读规则 第1部分

kira86 于2019-02-20发布 l 已有人浏览
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在英语中,音节重音对交际非常重要。今天美国之音的名师将为大家讲解单词重读的规则,此为第一部分。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

单词重音.jpg
The Rules of Word Stress, Part 1

单词重音规则 第1部分

In English, syllable stress is hugely important for communication. The word "stress" here means saying part of a word louder and holding the sound a little longer than other parts.

在英语中,音节重音对交际非常重要。“重读”这个词在这里的意?#38469;?#35828;一个单词的一部分比其他部分说得更大声,并且保持这个声音的时间稍微长一点。

For example: movie. I said MO- a little louder and longer than -vie. If I had said, mo-VIE, people probably would have had no idea what I was saying.

例如:movie。我说“MO-”,声音比“-vie”大一点,时间长一点。如果我说,“mo-VIE”,人们可能不知道我在说什?#30784;?/p>

In today's Ask a Teacher, we will tell you some rules of English word stress, a request from our reader Larissa.

在今天的“名师答疑”节目中,应我们的读者拉瑞莎的要求,我们总结了一些英语单词重读的规则。

Hello Larissa,Thanks for asking! The good news is that English has a few word stress rules. The bad news is that English also breaks those rules from time to time. Still, the rules can act as useful guides.

你?#32654;?#29790;莎,感谢你的提问!好消息是关于英语单词重读规则并不多。坏消息是有时这些规则不是一成不变的。尽管如此,这些规则仍?#21830;?#20379;?#24184;?#20041;的参考。

Before we start, you need to be familiar with syllable counting. If you are not, visit our Ask a Teacher page and read "How to Count Syllables."

在我们开始之前,你需要熟悉音节计数。如果你?#20849;?#28165;楚,请访?#39280;?#20204;“名师答疑”节目的首?#24120;?#38405;读“如?#38382;?#38899;节”这篇文章。

For today, we will focus on two-syllable words.

今天,我们主要讲两个音节的单词。

Ok, let's begin.

好的,让我们开始吧。

1. Most two-syllable nouns and adjectives stress the first syllable. Listen to some examples. The word meaning is not important: quiet; enzyme; coffee; playdate; fussy; tablequiet; enzyme; coffee; playdate; fussy; table

1.大多数双音节名词和形容词都重读第一个音节。听例子。单词的意思并不重要:

Some exceptions include "asleep" "machine" and "hotel," which stress the second syllable. But don't try to memorize exceptions. You will get to know them from exposure and practice.

还有一些特殊的例子“asleep”、“machine”和“hotel”,它们重读第二个音节。不用特意去记这些特殊的例子。在实践中你自然会掌握它们。

2. Two-syllable words that end in -er or -en almost always stress the first syllable, too. It does not matter whether the words are nouns, verbs or adjectives. Have a listen:smarter; father; writer; listen; open; spoken; smarter; father; writer; listen; open; spoken

2. 以-er或-en结尾的双音节单词几乎总是重读第一个音节。单词是名词、动词?#25925;?#24418;容词都不重要。请听:

3. Most two-syllable verbs and prepositions stress the second syllable. Take a listen:within; enjoy; involve; around; escape; beneath;within; enjoy; involve; around; escape; beneath

3.大多数双音节动词和介词重读第二个音节。请听:

Again, there are some exceptions, like the verbs "follow" and "cancel."

同样,也有一些例外,?#28909;?#21160;词“follow”和“cancel”。

4. Here's where it gets a little tricky: Some English words can be nouns or verbs, depending on stress. With stress on the first syllable, the following words act as nouns. And on the second syllable, they act as verbs:record; present; produce; suspect; desert ; record; present; produce; suspect; desert

4. 这里有一个小技巧:一些英语单词既可作名词?#37096;?#20316;动词,单词的词性取决于重音。下列单词在第一个音节重读时用作名词。第二个音节重读时作动词:

Again, there are exceptions. Some two-syllable words act as nouns or verbs with no change in stress, like "answer," "promise," "visit" and "reply."

?#27604;唬?#20063;?#27427;?#22806;。?#34892;?#21452;音节单词作名词或动词,重音是不变的,如“answer”、“promise”、“visit”和“reply”。

All in all, listening and speaking are the best ways to get comfortable with word stress in English. In time, your ear will tell you what sounds correct.

总之,听和说是?#35270;?#33521;语单词重音的最好方法。最终,最终,你的耳朵会告诉你怎?#27492;?#25165;是正确的。

And that's Ask a Teacher.

以上是今天的名师答疑。

I'm Alice Bryant.

爱丽丝·布莱恩特为您播报。

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